Material Handling Systems

Bulk material handling systems usually consist of types of machinery such as hoppers, belt conveyors, screw conveyors, stackers, reclaimers, bucket elevators, truck dumpers or wagon dumpers, ship loaders, and diverters, as well as various mobile equipment such as loaders, mobile hopper loaders/unloaders, shuttles, combined with storage facilities such as stockyards, storage silos, or stockpiles.

The most prevalent equipment type in bulk material handling is a belt conveyor. Although many other types of conveyors are available – such as screw, chain, and pneumatic systems – the most commonly used is the belts. Belt conveyors are the backbone of bulk material handling systems in many different processing plants. A belt conveyor can be designed in a wide range of capacities and distances, and its length can be a few meters or tens of kilometers.

Conveyors can be designed with features that increase their efficiency while reducing their initial construction investment. Features such as:

Design for lifting materials on steep slopes
Design with horizontal curves for conveyors intended for long routes. With this capability, the designer reduces the number of conveyors and makes its route without colliding with obstacles such as hills, buildings, etc
For long-distance conveyors, the body design is important and the conveyor chases should be designed in such a way that reduces the manufacturing initial investment
FaLang translation system by Faboba